In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику

In Brief
Motorists who (11) ____________ (to strand) in snow and traffic yesterday (12) _______________ (to overtake) by a man on a pair of skis on the A12 in Essex.

A fire crew (13) ____________ (to call) in to help In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику dig out five ambulances which (14) ________________ (to snow in) at Chelmsford Ambulance Station.

In Blyth, Northumberland, the snow (15) ___________ (to trap) burglars who (16) ________________ (to raid) a supermarket. Their footprints (17) ____________ (to lead) police In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to their hideout.

Parts of Norway were colder than the North Pole yesterday. The Norwegian ice skating championships at Hamar (18) _________ (to cancel) because officials (19) ______________ (to consider) temperatures of –30C too dangerous to the contestants In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. Doctors there (20) _______________ (to warn) people against taking hot drinks immediately after coming in from the extreme cold, to avoid (21) ____________ (to crack) tooth enamel.

(From “Advanced English C.A.E.” by Sue O In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику’Connell)

Exercise 10. Translate the sentences into English. Use the active vocabulary to translate the words and word combinations given in italics.

  1. К тому времени, как Джеральд получил какую-то прибыль на In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику свои финансовложения, он финансировал компанию 18 месяцев.

  2. Все знали, что комитет собирает средства на эти спортивные соревнования с того времени, как было принято решение их организовать.

  3. Эдвард произнес, что с того времени как In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику он является служащим этой компании, он грезит делать какую-нибудь творческую работу.

  4. Сми сказали, что с того времени как случилось землетрясение (an earthquake) в …, люди делают пожертвования в благотворительный фонд, и было собрано In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику 2 миллиона баксов.

  5. Комитет подтвердил, что этот политик злоупотреблял властью многие годы.

  6. К тому времени, как этот продукт появится на рынке, они уже будут его рекламировать практически месяц.

  7. К концу года In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику мы будем заниматься неувязкой спроса на потребительские продукты уже 4 месяца и будем готовы опубликовать доклад о приобретенных данных.

  8. К концу месяца милиция будет расследовать дело 12 дней. К тому времени как они отыщут ключ In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику к разгадке злодеяния, правонарушитель уже будет далековато.


Exercise 11. Study the meaning of the following words and translate the sentences into English. Use the active vocabulary to translate the words and word combinations given in In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику italics.

I.

SBp.57 “The experiment involved people from all over the world.”

to involve sb – включать, ввязывать, завлекать к роли

to include sb – включать, содержать, включать в состав

  1. Перечень гостей включал In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику людей, с которыми мы никогда ранее не встречались.

  2. Благотворительные программки включали людей различного уровня достатка (зажиточности). В том, что касается сбора денег, программки были полностью успешными.

  3. Есть сообщения о столкновениях (clashes In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику), в которые были вовлечены местные обитатели и иммигранты.

  4. Студенты, представляющие наш институт, включены в группу, которая будет учавствовать в спортивных соревнованиях 1-ого декабря.

II.

WB p.32 “Within 10 years, experts predict, advertising on In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику TV will be dead.”

to predict – предвещать, предсказывать

to forecast – предвещать, делать прогноз

  1. Ученые предвещают повышение доходов (прибыли) до 15%. Исходя из убеждений грядущего развития страны, приобретенные данные очень важны.

  2. Никто не может предсказать, за In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику какие последствия нам придется нести ответственность.

  3. На данный момент просто предсказать, что большая часть выпускников институтов будет иметь трудности в поисках работы.

  4. Экономисты предвещают, что к концу года цена жизни In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику подымется на 8%.

III.

WB p.32 “The latest electrical wizardry … is the personal video recorder.”

the latest – последний (к моменту речи)

the last – последний

  1. Президент компании всегда имеет последнее слово в процессе принятия In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику решений.

  2. Последняя реклама программного обеспечения компов очень занятна.

  3. Последние анонсы подтверждают, что последние развития событий скажутся на экономическом положении в стране.

  4. Компания разорилась, так как ее последний обладатель был нечестным.



Unit 4 = 8


Фокус of Grammar In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику:
^ Passive forms

Exercise 1. Change the following sentences into passive.

A. Mind the tense form.

  1. Our accountants are now estimating the cost of the project.

  2. Experts are considering ways to cut down interest rates In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику.

  3. Mr Smith has moved house and they are forwarding his mail to the new address at present.

  4. We are going to complain to the hotel management that they aren’t In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику taking proper care of us.

  5. We can’t say we have dealt with the problem of wasting natural resources.

  6. Have you received the goods? – No, our partners have put off deliveries due to In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику bad weather conditions.

  7. The police are searching Mr Greenwood’s office but they haven’t found any incriminating documents so far.

  8. Did they sign the contract? – No, they didn’t conclude the In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику talks yesterday. They were discussing a penalty on late deliveries the whole day but didn’t reach agreement.

  9. Did you inform the head of the company that you found the wording In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику of the contract misleading? – No, I was late. When I arrived they were already signing it.

  10. The security caught the boy shoplifting: he took a ‘Mars’ bar from the shelf and put In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику it into his pocket. He thought nobody was watching him.

  11. Did you learn anything new about the forthcoming public opinion polls? – No, they were still considering ways to raise money for them In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику.

  12. The economy of the country was I crisis as the government hadn’t taken appropriate measures to prevent it.

  13. It was the first time that the authorities had done something about the problem.

  14. Why In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику did the minister get so furious when he saw the article? – The reporter had misquoted him.

  15. Why did Paula have to quit? – The authorities hadn’t renewed her work In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику permit.

  16. Don’t worry. I’m sure we’ll have delivered all the goods by the end of the week.

  17. I hope they will have confirmed this information by the time we release In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику this issue of the newspaper.

  18. We are sure they will have solved the problem by the end of the week.

  19. Mr Jackson’s assistants say they will have prepared the necessary materials In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику by the time the talks begin.


B. Give two passive constructions if possible. Translate the sentences into Russian.

  1. The boss promised Brian a pay rise.

  2. We sent our partners a copy of the In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику contract.

  3. This university offers a postgraduate course to every student who graduates with honours.

  4. The management will give a reward to the one who finds the lost documents.

  5. The lawyer explained to In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику us the consequences of our actions.

  6. They explained to us why it was necessary to include a penalty clause in the contract.

  7. The insurance agent announced the deadline of his premium payment In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to the client.

  8. The ministry spokesperson announced to the reporters that they would do everything possible to cut back interest rates.

  9. The teacher pointed out to me my mistakes.

  10. The manager In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику dictated a draft of the document to the secretary.

  11. The stockbroker pointed out to us that our profits might shoot up and then drop suddenly.

  12. I have repeated to you several In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику times that if you go on like this you’ll go bankrupt.

  13. Our partner pointed out to us that the wording of the contract was misleading.

  14. I suggest that we should set the In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику deadline for the delivery as soon as possible.

  15. We suggested a way of dealing with the crisis to the head of the delegation but he rejected it.

  16. He pointed out to us that In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику such a deal could affect our business.

  17. We offered our partners new goods.

  18. The minister promised manufacturers new business opportunities.

  19. Experts explained to the ministers that the economy would go into In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику stalemate if they didn’t take urgent measures.

  20. The accountant sent the head of the company the monthly bank statement.

  21. We pointed out to our clients that their profits were gradually increasing.

  22. The manager In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику repeated to the employee the terms of his contract.

  23. Can James cope with the problem? – Well, we offered him help but he refused.

  24. The press-secretary announced to the In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику reporters the date of the President’s visit to China.


Exercise 2. Supply the correct form of the verbs given in brackets.

A.

Dear Sir/Madam

On October 5 your courier service agreed to send a package In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику of confidential materials to Monsieur Lebleu, a colleague of mine in France. I (1) _____________ (to assure) that, if I (2) _______ (to take) advantage of your ‘Star’ express service, the materials (3) _______________ (to guarantee) to arrive within In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику 24 hours and (4) ________________ (to deliver) personally to the addressee.

However, the materials did not arrive until a week later, by which time my colleague (5) ______________ (to leave) the country. The parcel (6) ______________ (to leave In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) on the doorstep and eventually (7) ________________ (to take in) by a neighbour.

Needless to say, this caused great inconvenience. I (8) ________ (to expect) a more efficient and reliable service, especially considering the In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику higher charges for ‘Star’ delivery.

Although I (9) _____________ (to contact) your office by phone on two occasions and explained the circumstances, I still (10) _______________ (to await) a response to my complaint. I would appreciate if In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику you could arrange for the package (11) ____________________ (to collect and return) to me as soon as possible. The address where the package can (12) ___________ (to collect) is at the bottom of this letter.

I look In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику forward to receiving your reply.

Yours faithfully,

Kenneth Thompson

(From “Advanced Masterclass” by T.Apinall)

B.

A government report on the increase in crime amongst juveniles has мейд recommendations to schools and parents to In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику supervise children more carefully, especially during holidays and after school. The report suggests that many children (1) _______ (to leave) to their own devices at these times and some (2) _________________ (to involve) in In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику illegal or dangerous activities. It recently came to light that a gang of children from a primary school (3) ______________ (to tie up) a seven-year-old boy in his bedroom and proceeded In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to ransack the house. The report also recommends that it is time the police (4) __________ (to get) tough with the parents of youngsters who break the law.

***

For the third time this year In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, a ten-year-old child in the care of the local authority (5) _________________ (to escape) from a security unit by wriggling under an electrified fence. The child, who (6) ______________ (not to name) for legal reasons, (7) _________________ (to In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику place) in a secure unit after he (8) _______________ (to run) away from a local children’s home on six occasions over the last two years. A spokesperson for the authority told a news conference In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику that there was no satisfactory way children could (9) ______________ (to detain) against their will other than (10) _______________ (to send) to adult prisons.

(From “Advanced Masterclass” by T.Apinall)


C.

Little Joey’s Lost In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Childhood

One day last summer, when Joey (1) ______________ (to arrest) yet again for another burglary, his solicitor went down to the police station to see him. He sat down opposite him in In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику the interview room and asked him straight: ‘Joey, why you (2) __________________ (to do) it?’ And Joey looked straight back and told him, ‘I dunno. It’s money, you know …’

Soon afterwards, he became famous when, in In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику October last year, he (3) _____________ (to lock away) in a secure unit outside Leeds where he was three years younger than any other inmate. As he (4) ______________ (to lead) away from court, he In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику hurled insults at the press. He мейд all the papers. Soon his case (5) _______________ (to use) as precedent to lock up more children, like the six ‘Little Caesars’ from Northumbria who (6) _______________ (to blame In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) for 550 offences.

Joey grew up with his father Gerry, a Southern Irish labourer. Gerry says he is not too sure when Joey first (7) ___________ (to break) the law. He thinks he stole In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику some crisps from dinner when he was four. By the time he (8) ____________ (to be) ten, thieving (9) _____________ (to be) the only game Joey knew. He (10) _____________ (to have) 35 arrests behind him and the In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику social workers decided he had (11) _____________ (to lock up). They (12) _____________ (to try) taking him into care but he simply (13) ____________ (to walk) out from the homes where they put him, so in December last year he (14) ____________ (to In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику send) to the secure unit at East Moor outside Leeds.

Joey is due (15) _____________ (to release) from the secure unit in February. Everyone who (16) _____________ (to deal) with him is sure In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику that he soon (17) ______________ (to lock up) again. They say they (18) ______________ (to give up) on him. They have two options: lock him up or let him go.

(From “Advanced Masterclass” by T.Apinall)


D.

Chairman of In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику the Snow Board

The спорт snowboarding is booming and the person responsible for it is Jake Burton. He is the president and founder of what is now a multimillion-dollar In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику corporation. ‘I have the best job in the world,’ says Burton. ‘I ride my board several days a week, the company (1) ____________ (to make) money, the спорт (2) ____________ (to blossom).’

Though Burton often (3) ____________ (to call) the inventor In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику of the snowboard, he (4) ______________ (to refuse) to take credit for anything more than improving on somebody else’s idea. He (5) ____________ (to settle), instead, for the label ‘snowboard pioneer’. The first snowboard-like In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику object (6) _________________ (to produce) by Sherman Poppen who, in 1965, bolted two skis together for his children to slide on. It was the first time that a snowboard-like object ever (7) __________ (to use). Poppen In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику called his invention the Surfer. Jake Burton (8) ______________ (to give) a Surfer when he was 14 years old. ‘I always (9) ______________ (to feel) there was an opportunity for it (10) _____________ (to market) better,’ he In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику says, ‘for serious technology (11) ______________ (to apply) to it, so Surfing could become a legitimate спорт instead of a cheap toy.’

Jake Burton’s teenage years (12) _____________ (to mar) by tragedy: his elder brother In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (13) _____________ (to kill) in Vietnam when Burton was 12, and their mother died five years later. The losses мейд for two things: real independence and an ability to persevere. Both (14) ______________ (to bring) into In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику play in December 1977, when, shortly after he (15) __________ (to earn) a degree in economics and (16) ______________ (to leave) a small sum in his grandmother’s will, he (17) ________ (to found) Burton Snowboards. He was 23.

In the In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику beginning Burton (18) ______________ (to employ) as a barman by night and (19) ______________ (to make) snowboard prototypes by day. More than 100 models (20) _____________________ (to construct) when he finally had a board he was pleased with. Now he In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику had to convince people to buy the things. The major stumbling block was the fact that snowboards (21) _____________ (to ban) at virtually all ski areas. Finally, after 1983, when restrictions at many In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику ski resorts (22) _____________ (to loosen), snowboard sales (23) _______ (to climb). Now 95% of the ski areas in the USA (24) ________ (to allow) boarding, as do all ski areas in Europe, and the спорт мейд its Olympic debut at In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику the 1998 winter Games in Nagano, Japan.

(From “Advanced Gold Exam Maximizer” by S.Burgess)


Exercise 3. Translate the sentences into English. Use the active vocabulary to translate the words and word In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику combinations given in italics.

  1. Членам комитета указали на то, что нужно немедля задуматься над (изучить) неувязкой конфигурации климата.

  2. Рональду предложили работать над программкой (проектом) по воздействию глобального потепления на здоровье людей.

  3. Роберту предложили In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику увлекательную книжку о работе защитников среды в Тихом океане.

  4. Программку конференции по вопросам защиты среды дали всем участникам.

  5. Комитету предложили много уникальных мыслях по организации грядущих выборов.

  6. Секретарю уже продиктовали доклад о работе In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику комиссии?

  7. Доклад об изменении климата отправили г-ну Идену? – Нет, этот доклад отправили г-ну Дугласу. Г-ну Идену отправили доклад по выбросам СО2.

  8. Рональду растолковали, что ему следует признать свою вину и In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику облегчить свою совесть.

  9. Журналистам указали главу делегации.

  10. Г-ну Кларку предложили провести аудит работы банка.

  11. Студентам растолковали правило два раза, но они его все таки не сообразили.

  12. В конце концов нам объявили In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику время совещания.

  13. Для тебя когда-нибудь предлагали работать над этим проектом?

  14. Менеджеру компании растолковали, что это только вопрос времени, когда ему придется уйти с работы.



Exercise 4.Grammar in speech.

Supply the In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику correct form of the verbs given in brackets and do the role play given below.

A.

Dear Sir,

On December 12, your company moved the contents of my house from 35 George Street to 12 Oak In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Tree Lane. During the move several items (1) ______________ (to damage). As soon as your employees (2) _______________ (to discover) the damage they reported this to me and they agreed that the damage (3) _______________ (to cause) by In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику a table inside the van which (4) _______________ (to break) loose during the journey. They admitted that the table securely (5) ________________ (not to fasten). As I (6) ______________ (to hear) nothing from you since reporting the damage In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику I would be grateful if you could contact me immediately. In your ‘guarantee of satisfaction’ it (7) _____________ (to state) that all damage to items (8) ________ (to repay) in full if it (9) _____________ (to occur) in In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику transit. As both of your employees (10) ______________ (to admit) responsibility, I assume that there will be no difficulty in reimbursing me.

Please let me know if there is any more In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику information that (11) ______________ (to require).

(From “Advanced Masterclass” by T.Apinall)

Role play

Role 1. You are James Clark. You wrote the above letter to the transportation company but didn’t get any reply. You decided to go In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to the manager of the company in person and lodge a complaint.

(Your cues: An antique table – to damage. It – not to fasten securely before the journey. Several items – to damage In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. The damage – to cause by the table which – to break loose. The items damaged: 1) an antique Chinese vase (very expensive) – to break. 2) a Venetian chandelier (€ 30,000) – to break. 3) A Chinese tea set – to In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику crack and to break. You want – to reimburse.)

Role 2. You are Alison Gable, manager of the company. You don’t remember getting any letter from James Clark. Find out all the details In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику about the journey and the damaged items. After you’ve done it talk to the lawyer of the company (role 3) and the van driver (role 4).

Role 3. You are Caroline Irving, lawyer of In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику the company. Your task is to prove that your company is not obliged to reimburse Mr Clark. Find out everything about the damaged items: the price, when and where – to buy In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. They – to insure before the journey? They – to examine by experts before they – to insure? It – can / prove that the price declared by Mr Clark is correct?

Role 4. You are John Smith In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, the van driver. Say what happened during the journey. Now you are reluctant to admit your guilt.


B.

^ The US National Symbol

After living under the threat of extinction for more than thirty years, the In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику national bird of the United States (1) ____________ (to grant) an official reprieve, as the bald eagle and twenty-eight other animal and plant species (2) ____________ (to earmark) for removal from America’s In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику list of endangered species. The bald eagle, which also (3) _________________ (to know) as the white-headed sea eagle, (4) ______________ (to place) at the top of a list of species likely (5) ________________ (to take) off the endangered register In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику in the coming years. The proposed ‘delisting’ (6) __________________ (to promote) by the US Interior Secretary to counter a growing feeling among Republicans that endangered species laws do not work. Charges of ineffectiveness In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (7) __________________ (to level) against these laws before, but more recently it even (8) ______________ (to suggest) that the situation actually (9) _________________ (to make) worse by them. The recovery of the bald eagle follows thirty In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику-one years on the critical list. Its numbers (10) ____________ (to reduce) to fewer than five hundred by the use of pesticides that affected its reproduction system. The number of nesting pairs now (11) __________________ (to estimate In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) at five thousand. The Interior Secretary claims that the new list followed the legislation under which the eagle, a national symbol that originally (12) ________ (to take) from the Indians, and more than a In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику thousand other species (13) _____________ (to protect).

Until now, few species ever (14) ____________ (to remove) from the list, when they (15) ___________ (auxiliary verb), it was normally because they (16) _____________ (to become) extinct.

(From “Grammar and Vocabulary for In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Cambridge Advanced and Proficiency” by R.Side)

Role play. You are taking part in a TV panel devoted to the problem of protecting endangered species.

Role 1. You are Jason Smith, an environmentalist. You have In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику been studying the bald eagle and other endangered species for the last 3 years. Tell the panel about your findings. (See the article given above.)

Role 2. You are Winston Ramsfield, the US Interior In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Secretary. State your views on the endangered species laws.

Role 3. You are Roberta Carson, an environmentalist. Speak about the need to protect the bald eagle and other species. (Your cues: if the In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику bald eagle – to remove from the list, pesticides – to use again, and then the eagle – to endanger again.)

Role 4. You are Glen Stinson, a representative of the Ministry of In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Agriculture. Speak about your concern over the future development of agriculture. (Your cues: you understand the importance of protecting wildlife. But pesticides – to use to protect farm fields. If they – to ban, agriculture – to In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику affect. Food prices – to rise, etc.)


Exercise 5. Study the meaning of the following words and translate the sentences into English. Use the active vocabulary to translate the words and word combinations given in In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику italics.

I.

SB p.76 “Eddy Canfor-Dumas … has recently added politics to his ‘to do’ list.”

politics – политика (сфера деятельности)

a policy – политика (политическая линия, план действий)

  1. США – один из In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику наибольших правонарушителей по выбросам СО2. Как ты думаешь, почему они не принимают достаточных мер, чтоб уменьшить их? – Ну, это нереально разъяснить. Это вопрос политики.

  2. Из-за грядущих выборов все начинают интересоваться In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику политикой.

  3. Политика правительства ориентирована на улучшение здравоохранения.

  4. Это только вопрос времени, когда правительство изменит свою политику и направит внимание на делему конфигурации климата.

II.

SB p.76 “It’s time we all accepted the fact In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику that …”

NB В конструкции “It’s time sb did …” употребляется глагол в форме Past Simple.

  1. Правительству пора задуматься над неувязкой загрязнения среды.

  2. Мальчугану пора научиться принимать ответ «нет».

  3. Пора, чтоб In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику эта информация стала общеизвестной (была предана гласности).

  4. Джеральду пора признать свою вину и облегчить свою совесть.

III.

SB p.76 “It’s time we accepted the fact that …”

to accept – принимать, признавать, мириться с кое In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику-чем

to adopt (a law) – принимать (закон)

to receive (visitors) – принимать (гостей)

  1. Делегация защитников среды была принята одним из советников президента, который сказал им, что это только вопрос времени, когда закон In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику о загрязнении среды будет принят.

  2. Люди в этой стране и в других местах уже приняли / примирились с идеей, что все должны защищать окружающую среду.

  3. Члены парламента сейчас не принимают гостей.

  4. Премьер-министр уверен, что новый In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику закон будет принят на последующей неделе, даже если члены парламента не будут спешить, обсуждая его.

Exercise 6. Supply the correct form of the verbs given in brackets.

A.

Incident Report

I left In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику the office at 1 p.m. and on my return at 2 p.m. I noticed the box where I store my laptop computer was on the desk. It normally (1) ____________ (to keep) in the filing In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику cabinet. I looked inside the box and the laptop (2) ____________ (to be) missing. The laptop last (3) ____________ (to use) at the weekend and I returned it to the office this morning. There does In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику not appear to be anything else missing although my in-coming tray (4) ___________ (to empty) on the floor. The door to the office (5) _____________ (to lock) and nobody has access to my room in the In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику office hours apart from Judy Oldham, my secretary and myself. You are probably aware that there is a combination security lock on the door. The code to the lock only In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (6) _______ (to know) to myself, Ms Oldham and the cleaning staff. They (7) _______________ (to question) at the moment.

It (8) _____________ (to report) to me that a man (9) ______ (to see) in the area during the morning but his identity In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику was unknown.

Nothing (10) _____________ (to touch) since the incident and messages (11) ______________ (to send) via Ms Oldham’s computer.

(From “Advanced Masterclass” by T.Apinall)

B.

Gunmen Walk into Police Ambush

A big armed robbery In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (1) ___________ (to foil) yesterday when gunmen walked into a police ambush in central London.

The gang (2) _____________ (to hold up) a security van after it (3) ______________ (to collect) more than £600,000 from shops around the city In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, but they (4) ________________ (not to have) time to begin putting their plan into operation.

It was the first time such a big robbery (5) _____________ (to attempt) this year. However, the gang’s carefully In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику planned raid (6) _______________ (to betray), and the police who (7) __________________ (to act) on a tip-off knew where and when it (8) _____________ (to take) place.

Officers from the Metropolitan Police set an elaborate In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику plan. Plain-clothes detectives (9) _______________ (to position) in streets and cars around the London Electricity showrooms just north of the City, where the van (10) ________________ (to pick up) takings. The robbers, who (11) ____________ (to arm In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) with pistols, (12) _______________ (to allow) to loiter outside the showroom entrance and wait for the van to arrive.

A police spokesman refused to discuss what happened next or to say how many officers In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (13) _______________ (to involve) in the operation. Witnesses say that as the raid (14) ___________ (to begin), plain-clothes detectives came out from a side road and used a Post Office van to block off a possible escape In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику route down the street.

Meanwhile, marksmen who (15) _______________ (to hide) behind a wall in front of the showroom appeared behind the gunmen and called on them to surrender.

The three (16) ______________ (to throw) to In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику the ground and (17) _______________ (to handcuff). Scotland Yard said no shots (18) _______________ (to fire).

Last night the three men (19) ______________ (to interview) at City Road Police Station. They (20) _______________ (to take) to court tomorrow.

(From In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику “Headway Advanced” by Liz and John Soars)


C.

Book Reading a Lost Art at Harvard

Hardly a day goes by without a fresh demonstration of the ignorance of America’s first video generation. Illiteracy gradually In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (1) ______________ (to grow) and new polls which (2) _____________ (to carry out) in the past few years show that a quarter of university students have no idea when America (3) _______________ (to discover).

Some In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику institutions, at least, until now (4) ______________ (to presume) above the decay. It (5) ______________ (to imagine), for example, that they still (6) ______________ (to read) books at Harvard. But that illusion (7) ______________ (to shatter) by Professor Sven Birkets In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, who teaches Creative Writing to undergraduates there. 'Almost none of my students (8) ________ (to read) independently,’ he said in a powerful lament which just (9) ________________ (to publish) by Harvard Magazine. Every year, he says In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, he conducts a survey among his students, and ‘the responses are heartbreaking.’

The Harvard undergraduates studying under Professor Birkets (10) ________________ (to describe) as reluctant readers. Professor Birkets says that the trend away from reading In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (11) _________________ (to reach) a critical stage. ‘It is not lack of interest. It’s merely that they no longer (12) _____________ (to receive) the world through the medium of print. They find it difficult to In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику sit in front of a stationary page.’

Professor Birkets wonders how his students imagine they can learn to write without bothering to read. He says they give all kinds of explanations for their failure In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to read. “Too busy.” “I always (13) _____________ (to have) a hard time with books that (14) _____________ (to suppose) to be good for me.” And then, proudly: “If I have time, I like to In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику relax with Stephen King.” Professor Birkets adds: ‘The world (15) ____________ (to be) different if people stop reading? Very likely it once again (16) ________________ (to be) flat.’

(From ‘Фокус on Advanced English CAE In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Practice Tests” by Sue O’Connell)

D.

The New £20 Note to Prevent Forgeries

The Central Bank of Ireland has had to introduce a new £20 note, said Mr Maurice Doyle, the Governor of the Central Bank in In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Dublin yesterday. It (1) ____________ (to introduce) to combat the increasing banknote forgery which (2) ___________ (to come about) in recent years as a result of developments in photocopying and printing, he said. Anyone with In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику access to a high quality colour photocopier and the correct paper could make a copy of the old £20 note that was good enough (3) _____________ (to pass) unnoticed over a crowded shop counter, he In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику added.

The new note, which (4) ____________ (to come) into circulation on Monday, incorporates several features that will make it harder to forge. It has a watermark incorporating the number 20 and a silver In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику security thread which (5) ___________ (to show) when the note (6) ___________ (to hold) up to the light. It also incorporates a hidden image of the letters IR, which can only (7) ______________ (to see) when the note (8) ______ (to In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику lift) towards the light, and microprinting on the front and reverse. The note also contains features that will enable visually impaired people to recognise it, including a mark that can In Brief - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (9) ______________ (to feel) with the fingertips. The old £20 notes (10) ___________ (to take) out of circulation by the end of next year.

(From ‘Фокус on Advanced English CAE Practice Tests” by Sue O’Connell)



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